• 1966- Attended Treasure Valley Community College, Ontario, OR with a major in Police Science
  • 1967 – Attended Four Federal Bureau of Investigation Seminars Concerning Law Enforcement
  • 1968 – Attended two police academies sponsored by the Boise Police Department
  • 1970 – Certified as a Law Enforcement Officer by Peace Officer Standards and Training Counsel for the State of Idaho
  • 1966 – Received over 1,000 Hours of Classroom Training in the Area of Law Enforcement
  • 1973 – Attended and graduated the Regional School by the United States Justice Department on Narcotic and Dangerous Drugs Law Enforcement
  • 1974 – Attended Treasure Valley Community College – graduated in May, 1976 with an Associate of Science Degree in Law
  • 1976 – Attended Boise State University, Boise, ID major in Political Science/Pre-Law with an emphasis on Public Administration and International Relations – accumulated 126 credits toward a Bachelor of Science Degree
  • 2002 – North Western Security Academy Essential Skills under terrorism.
  • 2009 Certified Guardian ad litem-Canyon County
  • 2009 – Present CASA Continuing Education Credits (30 hours per year) Class
  • 2021 – FEMA Instruction to Incident Command Systems